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Firefox Translations Add-on Released by Mozilla Translates Web Pages Offline

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Firefox Translations Add-on Released by Mozilla Translates Web Pages Offline


Firefox Translations add-on by Mozilla has been released. The new tool has been developed under The Bergamot Project which is aimed to provide an option that runs directly on users’ machines for web page translation and, at the same time, preserve their privacy. The add-on will translate the text in and from any language by using the user’s computer resources and the data will not be sent to the cloud for processing. It is currently available for translation in eight languages, and work is in progress for further four languages.

As per the announcement by Mozilla, Firefox Translations add-on is available for download on Firefox Nightly, Beta and in Firefox General Release. The tool provides automated translation of web content done locally, on the client-side. It was developed with The Bergamot Project Consortium, coordinated by the University of Edinburgh with partners Charles University in Prague, University of Sheffield, University of Tartu, and Mozilla.

Mozilla says the Firefox Translations added two novel features. The first is translation of forms, and “the second feature is quality estimation of the translations where low confidence translations should be automatically highlighted on the page, in order to notify the user of potential errors,” as per the blog post by Mozilla.

The translation is available for languages including English, Spanish, Estonian, German, Czech, Bulgarian, Norwegian Bokmål, Portuguese, and Italian. Work is being done on languages including Russian, Persian (Farsi), Icelandic, and Norwegian Nynorsk.

Meanwhile, its biggest competitor Google Translate now offers translation support for a total of 133 languages used around the globe. During the keynote event of Google I/O, the company announced that Google Translate added support for 24 new languages, supported by machine learning.


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Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4, Galaxy Z Flip 4 Foldable Phones’ Firmware Development Begins: Report





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Geologists Successfully Forecast Volcanic Eruption Five Months Before the Event Using Supercomputers

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Geologists Successfully Forecast Volcanic Eruption Five Months Before the Event Using Supercomputers


With an upgraded supercomputer and strategic modelling program, a team of geologists have successfully forecasted a volcanic eruption in the Sierra Negra volcano five months before it took place. The volcano forecasting modelling program was set up in 2017 by geology professor Patricia Gregg and her team. They installed the program on the Blue Water and iForge supercomputers. Meanwhile, another team was monitoring the Sierra Negra volcano located in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. The forecasting model was initially developed on the iMac and had earlier successfully recreated the 2008 eruption of Alaska’s Okmok volcano. Gregg’s team went on to test the model’s high-performance computing upgrade. And, they found that Sierra Negra volcano data suggested an imminent eruption.

Explaining the nature of the Sierra Negra volcano, Gregg said it “is a well-behaved volcano”. He shared that in the past, the volcano had given all signs before erupting. These include gas release, increased seismic activities, and groundswell. Due to this, the volcano was chosen to test the upgraded model.

Forecasting eruptions is considered a herculean task in geology as most volcanos don’t follow a pattern which makes it hard to predict their future activity. But, developing quantitative models is believed to be effective in doing the tricky work.

Once the data from the Sierra Negra volcano was received, Gregg and her team ran it through the super-computing-powered model and wrapped up the run by 2018. To their surprise, even when the run was a test, it offered a framework that unravelled Sierra Negra’s eruption cycles and helped evaluate its future eruption timings.

“Our model forecasted that the strength of the rocks that contain Sierra Negra’s magma chamber would become very unstable sometime between June 25 and July 5, and possibly result in a mechanical failure and subsequent eruption,” noted Gregg.

Gregg shared that they presented the findings at a scientific conference in March 2018 and did not look back at the models. However, on June 26 that year, one of the scientists on the Ecuador project, Dennis Geist, texted Gregg asking her for the forecasted date for the eruption. “Sierra Negra erupted one day after our earliest forecasted mechanical failure date. We were floored,” said Gregg.

According to researchers, the study, published in the journal Science Advances, also demonstrated how incorporating high-performance supercomputing into practical research can lead to such groundbreaking results.




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Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4, Galaxy Z Flip 4 Foldable Phones’ Firmware Development Begins: Report

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Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4, Galaxy Z Flip 4 Foldable Phones’ Firmware Development Begins: Report


Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4 and Galaxy Z Flip 4 firmware development has begun, a report has claimed. Both the foldable smartphones from Samsung are expected to hit the market in the coming months. The development comes at a time when the rumour mill is churning out information regarding the hardware and design of the smartphones from all quarters. In a recent report, it was claimed that the Galaxy Z Flip 4 will have a less noticeable foldable display crease.

As per a report by SamMobile, Samsung has started firmware development for the Galaxy Z Fold 4 and the Galaxy Z Flip 4. They have firmware F936NKSU0AVF2 and F721NKSU0AVF2, respectively. A firmware is a set of instructions that define basic level functions of a system such as loading an operating system.

Samsung Galaxy Z Flip 4 design, specifications

The latest development follows a slew of reports that delve out information about both phones’ hardware and design. As per a tweet by tipster Ice universe, the Samsung Galaxy Z Flip 4 foldable smartphone will have a less shallow display crease as compared to the Galaxy Z Flip 3 handset.

As far as the specifications are concerned, the Samsung Galaxy Z Flip 4 is reported to feature a 6.7-inch Super AMOLED display with a 120Hz refresh rate on the inside, and a 2.1-inch Super AMOLED outer display. It could be powered by an octa-core Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1 SoC, along with 8GB of RAM and up to 256GB of storage.

The Samsung Galaxy Z Flip 4 is claimed to sport a dual rear camera setup with 12-megapixel sensors, and a 10-megapixel selfie shooter. The smartphone is tipped to pack a 3,700mAh battery with 25W fast charging support and 10W wireless charging support. It is expected to run on Android 12-based One UI 4 out-of-the-box.

Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4 design, specifications

Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4 is expected to come with a 7.6-inch QXGA AMOLED internal display, with a 120Hz refresh rate, and a 6.2-inch HD+ AMOLED cover display with a 120Hz refresh rate. It is also tipped to come with an octa-core Qualcomm Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1 SoC, along with 12GB and 16GB RAM options as well as 256GB and 512GB storage versions. It is expected to have a triple rear camera setup, and an under-display camera. The phone is also said to run Android 12 out-of-the-box, with One UI on top. A recent report said that Samsung has started the mass production of parts for Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 4.






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NASA to Launch EMIT Mission Aboard SpaceX to Study How Dust Particles Affect Earth: How to Watch Live Broadcast

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NASA to Launch EMIT Mission Aboard SpaceX to Study How Dust Particles Affect Earth: How to Watch Live Broadcast


NASA is set to launch a probe to the International Space Station (ISS) on June 10 that will monitor climate change on Earth. Named Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation (EMIT), this probe will study the composition of mineral dust from Earth’s arid regions and how the desert dust carried through the atmosphere affects the planet. EMIT is set to be launched on June 10 aboard SpaceX’s 25th commercial resupply services mission. The Dragon spacecraft will also deliver supplies and a variety of science equipment for the international crew. The spacecraft will carry over 4,500 pounds (roughly 2,041 kg) of cargo.

The spacecraft is expected to reach the ISS on June 12. It will dock autonomously to the forward-facing section of the station’s Harmony module, with NASA astronauts Kjell Lindgren and Bob Hines monitoring operations from the station, NASA said.

The focus of EMIT mission is to study how mineral rock dust (such as calcite or chlorite), which travel thousands of miles after being stirred up by strong winds in desert areas, can heat or cool the atmosphere and Earth‘s surface.

The space agency will broadcast live coverage of this mission.

Here are the key timings:

June 10

The launch coverage will begin at 10am EDT (7:30pm IST) on NASA TV and NASA website.

The launch sequence will begin at 10:22am EDT (7:52pm IST).

June 12

The coverage for Dragon docking will begin at 5am EDT (2:30pm IST)

Docking will happen at 6:20am EDT (3:50 pm IST).

The mission will carry several other investigations to the International Space Station (ISS) that include studying the aging of immune cells and the potential to reverse those effects during postflight recovery, how sutured wounds heal in microgravity, and a student experiment testing a concrete alternative for potential use in future lunar and Martian habitats. The spacecraft is expected to spend about a month attached to the orbiting outpost before it returns to Earth with research and return cargo.


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iPhone-Sized Beam-Steering Device to Take Mobile Communications Beyond 5G: Study

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iPhone-Sized Beam-Steering Device to Take Mobile Communications Beyond 5G: Study


In a step that may help achieve better network connectivity in the near future, scientists have developed a beam-steering antenna that enhances data transmission beyond 5G standards. This will give access to a range of frequencies for mobile communications that were earlier out of reach. With the size of an iPhone, the beam-steering antenna has been developed as a better alternative to the currently used fixed base station antenna. The fixed antennas were found to be inefficient at higher frequencies that limited their use for long-distance transmission.

The new device is capable of tracking a mobile phone just the way a satellite tracks a moving object, but at a much faster speed. Developed by researchers from the University of Birmingham, the device provides a continuous wide-angle beam and was found to be effective in improving data transmission efficiency at frequencies ranging across the millimetre-wave spectrum. These included the frequencies like those for 5G (mmWave) and 6G where high efficiency is achieved using mechanically steered antenna solutions.

The experimental results of the device were recently presented at the 3rd International Union of Radio Science Atlantic / Asia-Pacific Radio Science Meeting.

The new technology has been made compatible with the existing 5G specifications that are currently in use by mobile communication networks. In addition, the device doesn’t require inefficient and complex feeding networks that are used by conventional antenna systems. It is based on a low-complexity system that boosts performance and is also easy to make.

Scientists have developed the device using a metamaterial, created from a metal sheet containing regularly spaced holes micrometers in diameter. It has been equipped with an actuator that controls the height of the cavity in the metamaterial and allows the antenna to concentrate radio waves into highly directive signals. This leads to a significant boost in transmission efficiency.

Highlighting the potential of the device, Dr James Churm, one of the lead researchers, said, “Although we developed the technology for use in 5G, our current models show that our beam steering technology may be capable of 94 percent efficiency at 300 GHz.”

He added that the device has numerous uses such as in vehicular radar, satellite communications, space and defence applications, and automotive, among others.




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TVS Aims to Scale Up Play in EV Segment by Leveraging Production-Linked Incentive Scheme

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TVS Aims to Scale Up Play in EV Segment by Leveraging Production-Linked Incentive Scheme


TVS aims to build a “sustained dominant play” in the electric vehicle segment by leveraging various government initiatives like production-linked incentive scheme, among others. As per its annual report for 2021-22, the company has robust plans to scale up its play in the electric segment.

“The PLI (Production-Linked Incentive) and FAME II (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles) initiatives of the government will be fully leveraged by the company and strategically build a sustained dominant play in this segment,” it said.

The industry is slated to grow rapidly and the company has robust plans for this segment, it added.

“In addition, with the strategic association with BMW, the company will be exploring the joint design and development of urban EV options for the global markets,” TVS stated.

The company has created a dedicated vertical for EV segment with over 600 engineers and adopted the Centres of Competency (COCs) with an agile working approach.

TVS sold more than 10,000 EVs in 2021-22.

Overall, the company said it expects to outperform the industry in terms of sales growth on the back of new product launches and economic activity once again gathering pace.

“Due to the strong product line-up, unwavering focus on consumer, quality, cost and the strong new launches, the company is confident about outperforming the industry, inspite of the global challenges and a tough business environment,” it said in the annual report 2021-22.

Domestic moped and economy motorcycle segments have lately underperformed and are likely to return to growth, with some buoyancy expected in rural agriculture led markets, it added.

With considerable improvement in the urban markets across India, the company said it is positive about the performance of the scooter segment. This segment will see significant demand from students, working women and the broader replacement segment is likely to perform better in line with the re-opening of school, colleges along with offices, the company stated.

Besides, two wheeler exports are also likely to witness growth during the year fueled by strong demand for the company’s products and due to its operations in diverse geographies that mitigates overall risk.

“Some of the geographies, which are agriculture dependent and have surplus of crude oil, will act as a hedge against the countries which may face adverse impact due to high fuel and food prices,” the company stated.

Elaborating on the challenges which could disrupt the growth, the company noted that the demand growth is highly dependent on improvement in consumer sentiment.

“The improvement in sentiment is yet to fully recover to pre-COVID levels and could be impacted by inflation, especially energy and food led, and any significant adverse development in COVID situation,” it said.

Monsoon still delivers the majority of the irrigation needs of Indian agriculture, and any deviation from the predicted normal monsoons would impact rural markets significantly, it added.

Besides, any further price increases due to additional commodity cost escalation could adversely impact demand, TVS noted.

“The low and mid segment of the market have low headroom for further price increases. Less than projected GDP growth and/or consequent jobs growth could adversely impact domestic demand,” it cautioned.

During the year ended March 2022, the company’s overall two- and three-wheeler sales, including international business, grew by 8 percent at 33.10 lakh units as against 30.52 lakh units in 2020-21 fiscal.




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Android Auto for Phone Screens to Stop Working Soon, Upcoming Update Bugged With Wireless Issues: Report

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Android Auto for Phone Screens to Stop Working Soon, Upcoming Update Bugged With Wireless Issues: Report


Android Auto for Phone Screens app that is used as a makeshift solution to get Android Auto benefits in older cars will stop working soon, as per a report. The development comes a few weeks after Google announced that it is working on an updated version of Android Auto that will include a new user interface, and support for suggested responses based on Google Assistant’s contextual suggestions. Meanwhile, a separate report suggests that beta testers of the Android Auto are experiencing problems related to the app’s setup process and wireless connection.

The first report comes from 9to5Google which cited posts on Reddit highlighting that the Android Auto for Phone Screens app is displaying a “Android Auto for phone screens will stop working soon” message. While Google hasn’t released any official information on an exact date of closure, the message seems to suggest that the experience will no longer be available in the near future. It is to be noted that last year Google confirmed that it will be shutting down the standalone app from Android 12 onwards.

In an Android Auto-related development, the beta testers have reported various issues on Reddit (via Android Police). It seems that Google is testing a new setup process for the experience. Testers claim that Android Auto on their phones is flashing a message of a setup process which doesn’t seem to be working through a wireless connection. The process, however, works fine when connected to a car.

A few weeks ago, Google announced that it is working on a new version of Android Auto, and this setup process is speculated to be a part of the updated version. The upcoming Android Auto version will get a new user interface that will have navigation, media and communication on one single screen. This version will also have Google Assistant’s contextual suggestions for messages and music recommendation. Google says that this change will help in making the driving experience safer.


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China Announces 3-Member Crew for Shenzhou-14 Spacecraft to Be Launched on June 5





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